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A corporation is an institution that is granted a charter recognizing it as a separate legal entity having its own privileges, and liabilities distinct from those of its members. There are many different forms of corporations, most of which are used to conduct business.

Corporations exist as a product of corporate law, and their rules balance the interests of the management who operate the corporation, creditors, shareholders, and employees who contribute their labor. In post-Doomsday times, corporations have experienced a steep decline in importance, but in some countries they have made a comeback.

An important (but not universal) feature of a corporation is limited liability. If a corporation fails, shareholders normally only stand to lose their investment, and employees will lose their jobs, but neither will be further liable for debts that remain owing to the corporation's creditors.

Despite not being natural persons, corporations are recognized by the law to have rights and responsibilities like natural persons ("people"). Corporations can exercise human rights against real individuals and the state, and they are often responsible for human rights violations. Just as they are "born" into existence through its members obtaining a certificate of incorporation, they can "die" when they are "dissolved" either by statutory operation, order of court, or voluntary action on the part of shareholders. Insolvency may result in a form of corporate 'death', when creditors force the liquidation and dissolution of the corporation under court order, but it most often results in a restructuring of corporate holdings. Corporations can even be convicted of criminal offences, such as fraud and manslaughter.

Although corporate law varies in different jurisdictions, there are four core characteristics of the business corporation:

Legal personality,  Limited liability,  Transferable shares and  Centralized management under a board structure.

Agriculture, Food, and AlcoholEdit

CubaEdit

EssexEdit

PartiumEdit

  • Akác Méhkas (Agriculture)

PolesiaEdit

  • Maliff (Alcohol)

VolhyniaEdit

  • Volhen (Food)

MacedoniaEdit

  • Macedonian Farming Corporation
  • Macedonian Beer and Whiskey Company
  • Macedonian Wine Corporation

Philippines Edit

  • San Miguel Brewery Corporation

RestaurantsEdit

KentuckyEdit

  • Kentucky Fried Chicken

TexasEdit

  • Cancun Gril
  • Taco Box
  • La Mission
  • Rosa'
  • Capitol Bar and Grill
  • Dos Amigos
  • Murray's Deli
  • Midland Barbecue
  • Shogun
  • El Bodego
  • Sam and Sid's
  • O'Dell's
  • Lone Star Barbecue

AutomotivesEdit

ANZCEdit

  • Holden
  • Ford

Celtic AllianceEdit

  • Celtic Motors
  • Land Rover

ColombiaEdit

  • Renault

North American UnionEdit

  • Alliance Motors

New BritainEdit

  • Rolls Royce

PrussiaEdit

  • Mercedes Benz
  • BMW

RifEdit

  • Peugeot

West TexasEdit

  • Lone Star Motors

SuperiorEdit

  • Maknew Motors

United American RepublicEdit

  • Fiat

BrazilEdit

  • Gurgel
  • Volkswagen

Commonwealth of KentuckyEdit

  • BlueGrass Motors

FloridaEdit

  • Largo Motors

ToledoEdit

  • Jeep

MacedoniaEdit

  • Macedonian Automobile Company (MAC)
  • Greater Macedonian Automobiles (GMA)
  • Bitola Automobile Works (BAW)

NigeriaEdit

  • Peugeot
  • Isuzu

Nordic UnionEdit

  • Saab
  • Scania

Japan Edit

  • Mitsubishi Motors
  • Toyota

AviationEdit

VictoriaEdit

PrussiaEdit

Alpine Confederation Edit

  • Pilatus Aviation

MilitaryEdit

Blue RidgeEdit

MacedoniaEdit

ToledoEdit

  • Ares Inc

BrazilEdit

  • Taurus.

Entertainment & MediaEdit

VictoriaEdit

VirginiaEdit

ANZCEdit

WoodbridgeEdit

  • Black Shuck Comics

Celtic AllianceEdit

  • Reuters Limited

Philippines Edit

  • ABS-CBN

Finance and Banking Edit

ANZC Edit

  • Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ANZ)
  • ASB Bank

Alpine Confederation Edit

  • Credit Suisse
  • LGT Group
  • Allgemeine Sparkasse Oberosterreich
  • UBS AG

Monaco Edit

  • Credit Foncier de Monaco
  • BNP Paribas

Singapore Edit

  • DBS Bank Limited
  • United Overseas Bank Limited

TextilesEdit

ANZCEdit

VermontEdit

  • Manchester Textile

OregonEdit

  • Pendleton Wollen Mills
--

-- This module will implement Template loop detected: Template:Navbox --

local p = {}

local HtmlBuilder = require('Module:HtmlBuilder') local navbar = require('Module:Navbar')._navbar local getArgs -- lazily initialized

local args local tableRowAdded = false local border local listnums = {}

local function trim(s)

   return (mw.ustring.gsub(s, "^%s*(.-)%s*$", "%1"))

end

local function addNewline(s)

   if s:match('^[*:;#]') or s:match('^{|') then
       return '\n' .. s ..'\n'
   else
       return s
   end

end

local function addTableRow(tbl)

   -- If any other rows have already been added, then we add a 2px gutter row.
   if tableRowAdded then
       tbl
           .tag('tr')
               .css('height', '2px')
               .tag('td')
               	.attr('colspan',2)
   end

   tableRowAdded = true

   return tbl.tag('tr')

end

local function renderNavBar(titleCell)

   -- Depending on the presence of the navbar and/or show/hide link, we may need to add a spacer div on the left
   -- or right to keep the title centered.
   local spacerSide = nil

   if args.navbar == 'off' then
       -- No navbar, and client wants no spacer, i.e. wants the title to be shifted to the left. If there's
       -- also no show/hide link, then we need a spacer on the right to achieve the left shift.
       if args.state == 'plain' then spacerSide = 'right' end
   elseif args.navbar == 'plain' or (not args.name and mw.getCurrentFrame():getParent():getTitle() == 'Template:Navbox' and (border == 'subgroup' or border == 'child' or border == 'none')) then
       -- No navbar. Need a spacer on the left to balance out the width of the show/hide link.
       if args.state ~= 'plain' then spacerSide = 'left' end
   else
       -- Will render navbar (or error message). If there's no show/hide link, need a spacer on the right
       -- to balance out the width of the navbar.
       if args.state == 'plain' then spacerSide = 'right' end

       titleCell.wikitext(navbar{ 
           args.name, 
           mini = 1, 
           fontstyle = (args.basestyle or ) .. ';' .. (args.titlestyle or ) ..  ';background:none transparent;border:none;'
       })
   end

   -- Render the spacer div.
   if spacerSide then
       titleCell
           .tag('span')
               .css('float', spacerSide)
               .css('width', '6em')
               .wikitext(' ')
   end

end

-- -- Title row -- local function renderTitleRow(tbl)

   if not args.title then return end

   local titleRow = addTableRow(tbl)

   if args.titlegroup then
       titleRow
           .tag('th')
               .attr('scope', 'row')
               .addClass('navbox-group')
               .addClass(args.titlegroupclass)
               .cssText(args.basestyle)
               .cssText(args.groupstyle)
               .cssText(args.titlegroupstyle)
               .wikitext(args.titlegroup)
   end

   local titleCell = titleRow.tag('th').attr('scope', 'col')

   if args.titlegroup then
       titleCell
           .css('border-left', '2px solid #fdfdfd')
           .css('width', '100%')
   end

   local titleColspan = 2
   if args.imageleft then titleColspan = titleColspan + 1 end
   if args.image then titleColspan = titleColspan + 1 end
   if args.titlegroup then titleColspan = titleColspan - 1 end

   titleCell
       .cssText(args.basestyle)
       .cssText(args.titlestyle)
       .addClass('navbox-title')
       .attr('colspan', titleColspan)

   renderNavBar(titleCell)

   titleCell
        .tag('div')
            .addClass(args.titleclass)
            .css('font-size', '110%')
            .wikitext(addNewline(args.title))

end

-- -- Above/Below rows --

local function getAboveBelowColspan()

   local ret = 2
   if args.imageleft then ret = ret + 1 end
   if args.image then ret = ret + 1 end
   return ret

end

local function renderAboveRow(tbl)

   if not args.above then return end

   addTableRow(tbl)
       .tag('td')
           .addClass('navbox-abovebelow')
           .addClass(args.aboveclass)
           .cssText(args.basestyle)
           .cssText(args.abovestyle)
           .attr('colspan', getAboveBelowColspan())
           .tag('div')
               .wikitext(addNewline(args.above))

end

local function renderBelowRow(tbl)

   if not args.below then return end

   addTableRow(tbl)
       .tag('td')
           .addClass('navbox-abovebelow')
           .addClass(args.belowclass)
           .cssText(args.basestyle)
           .cssText(args.belowstyle)
           .attr('colspan', getAboveBelowColspan())
           .tag('div')
               .wikitext(addNewline(args.below))

end

-- -- List rows -- local function renderListRow(tbl, listnum)

   local row = addTableRow(tbl)

   if listnum == 1 and args.imageleft then
       row
           .tag('td')
               .addClass('navbox-image')
               .addClass(args.imageclass)
               .css('width', '0%')
               .css('padding', '0px 2px 0px 0px')
               .cssText(args.imageleftstyle)
               .attr('rowspan', 2 * #listnums - 1)
               .tag('div')
                   .wikitext(addNewline(args.imageleft))
   end

   if args['group' .. listnum] then
       local groupCell = row.tag('th')

       groupCell
              .attr('scope', 'row')
              .addClass('navbox-group')
              .addClass(args.groupclass)
              .cssText(args.basestyle)

       if args.groupwidth then
           groupCell.css('width', args.groupwidth)
       end

       groupCell
           .cssText(args.groupstyle)
           .cssText(args['group' .. listnum .. 'style'])
           .wikitext(args['group' .. listnum])
   end

   local listCell = row.tag('td')

   if args['group' .. listnum] then
       listCell
           .css('text-align', 'left')
           .css('border-left-width', '2px')
           .css('border-left-style', 'solid')
   else
       listCell.attr('colspan', 2)
   end

   if not args.groupwidth then 
       listCell.css('width', '100%')
   end

   local isOdd = (listnum % 2) == 1
   local rowstyle = args.evenstyle
   if isOdd then rowstyle = args.oddstyle end

   local evenOdd
   if args.evenodd == 'swap' then
       if isOdd then evenOdd = 'even' else evenOdd = 'odd' end
   else
       if isOdd then evenOdd = args.evenodd or 'odd' else evenOdd = args.evenodd or 'even' end
   end

   listCell
       .css('padding', '0px')
       .cssText(args.liststyle)
       .cssText(rowstyle)
       .cssText(args['list' .. listnum .. 'style'])
       .addClass('navbox-list')
       .addClass('navbox-' .. evenOdd)
       .addClass(args.listclass)
       .tag('div')
           .css('padding', (listnum == 1 and args.list1padding) or args.listpadding or '0em 0.25em')
           .wikitext(addNewline(args['list' .. listnum]))

   if listnum == 1 and args.image then
       row
           .tag('td')
               .addClass('navbox-image')
               .addClass(args.imageclass)
               .css('width', '0%')
               .css('padding', '0px 0px 0px 2px')
               .cssText(args.imagestyle)
               .attr('rowspan', 2 * #listnums - 1)
               .tag('div')
                   .wikitext(addNewline(args.image))
   end

end


-- -- Tracking categories --

local function needsHorizontalLists()

   if border == 'child' or border == 'subgroup'  or args.tracking == 'no' then return false end

   local listClasses = {'plainlist', 'hlist', 'hlist hnum', 'hlist hwrap', 'hlist vcard', 'vcard hlist', 'hlist vevent'}
   for i, cls in ipairs(listClasses) do
       if args.listclass == cls or args.bodyclass == cls then
           return false
       end
   end

   return true

end

local function hasBackgroundColors()

   return mw.ustring.match(args.titlestyle or ,'background') or mw.ustring.match(args.groupstyle or ,'background') or mw.ustring.match(args.basestyle or ,'background')

end

local function getTrackingCategories()

   local cats = {}
   if needsHorizontalLists() then table.insert(cats, 'Navigational boxes without horizontal lists') end
   if hasBackgroundColors() then table.insert(cats, 'Navboxes using background colours') end
   return cats

end

local function renderTrackingCategories(builder)

   local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle()
   if title.namespace ~= 10 then return end -- not in template space
   local subpage = title.subpageText
   if subpage == 'doc' or subpage == 'sandbox' or subpage == 'testcases' then return end

   for i, cat in ipairs(getTrackingCategories()) do
       builder.wikitext() 
   end

end

-- -- Main navbox tables -- local function renderMainTable()

   local tbl = HtmlBuilder.create('table')
       .attr('cellspacing', 0)
       .addClass('nowraplinks')
       .addClass(args.bodyclass)

   if args.title and (args.state ~= 'plain' and args.state ~= 'off') then
       tbl
           .addClass('collapsible')
           .addClass(args.state or 'autocollapse')
   end

   tbl.css('border-spacing', 0)
   if border == 'subgroup' or border == 'child' or border == 'none' then
       tbl
           .addClass('navbox-subgroup')
           .cssText(args.bodystyle)
           .cssText(args.style)
   else -- regular navobx - bodystyle and style will be applied to the wrapper table
       tbl
           .addClass('navbox-inner')
           .css('background', 'transparent')
           .css('color', 'inherit')
   end
   tbl.cssText(args.innerstyle)

   renderTitleRow(tbl)
   renderAboveRow(tbl)
   for i, listnum in ipairs(listnums) do
       renderListRow(tbl, listnum) 
   end
   renderBelowRow(tbl)

   return tbl

end

function p._navbox(navboxArgs)

   args = navboxArgs

   for k, v in pairs(args) do
       local listnum = ( .. k):match('^list(%d+)$')
       if listnum then table.insert(listnums, tonumber(listnum)) end
   end
   table.sort(listnums)

   border = trim(args.border or args[1] or )

   -- render the main body of the navbox
   local tbl = renderMainTable()

   -- render the appropriate wrapper around the navbox, depending on the border param
   local res = HtmlBuilder.create()
   if border == 'none' then
       res.node(tbl)
   elseif border == 'subgroup' or border == 'child' then
       -- We assume that this navbox is being rendered in a list cell of a parent navbox, and is
       -- therefore inside a div with padding:0em 0.25em. We start with a </div> to avoid the
-- padding being applied, and at the end add a
to balance out the parent's
       res
           .tag('/div', {unclosed = true})
               .done()
           .node(tbl)
           .tag('div', {unclosed = true})
   else
       res
           .tag('table')
               .attr('cellspacing', 0)
               .addClass('navbox')
               .css('border-spacing', 0)
               .cssText(args.bodystyle)
               .cssText(args.style)
               .tag('tr')
                   .tag('td')
                       .css('padding', '2px')
                       .node(tbl)
   end

   renderTrackingCategories(res)

   return tostring(res)

end

function p.navbox(frame)

   if not getArgs then
   	getArgs = require('Module:Arguments').getArgs
   end
   args = getArgs(frame)

   -- Read the arguments in the order they'll be output in, to make references number in the right order.
   local _
   _ = args.title
   _ = args.above
   for i = 1, 20 do
       _ = args["group" .. tostring(i)]
       _ = args["list" .. tostring(i)]
   end    
   _ = args.below

   return p._navbox(args)

end

return p

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